‘The Help’ – chapters 5-7

These chapters present a specific representation of friendship and communication between black amd white women, the particular reference to Aibileen and Miss Skeeter, and the bond they have made with past experiences, present views amd future challenges. These chapters can also show the extremities of fear of black people. This is presented well in the adaptation of the film in which the character of Aibileen shows fear and the consequences of almost rebellion to what white people want.


W.B.Yeats – ‘The Wild Swans at Coole’

‘The Wild Swans at Coole’ is a poem that centrally reflects the attitudes, thoughts and feelings that Yeats has throughout the poem at the age of 51 at which age the poem was written. Yeats shows his own life through the presentation of the images of swans, emphasis is attracted to how completely opposite the swans are compared to Yeats. The swans have each other, a lifelong partner where Yeats feels lonely as he has no partner and no children.
The poem generally as a sorrowful and sombre tone, he feels completely alone – Maude Gonne has rejected him again and he now starts to question life, it’s meaning and his ‘place’. The swans can be seem as symbolic for different stages of his life, specifically his past with comparisons to ‘The Fisherman’ and ‘An Irishman foresees his death’ he feels philosophical to how he felt then when he had ideals on how his life was to be led. He feels differently now and he freely reflects on his life and how he wants what the swans essentially have.
The poem is written in the present tense specific emphasis is on his loneliness on age and the idea of time running out or how there is something in his life that is unfinished. ‘Twilight’ is a significant word that is often used in relation to this statement. With the representation of the ending of the day and the possible ending of his life, as though time is running out for him.

The Color Pruple – Racism or Sexism?

Does ‘The Color Purple’ relate to racism or sexism?

‘The Color Purple’ by Alice Walker, a black women novelist who dramatically engages the reader of the difficulty of the life of the main character Celie, a Southern American uneducated young women, sexually abused and oppresses by male relatives and friends.
Celie’s journey represents that of many women, where male dominance exists, preventing women to live freely and have rights to education, protection and employment, Walker’s novel refers to women living in the south as this is synonymous to oppression and racism due to structures utilised to oppress social and individual powers. This novel represents the sexism, racism and feminist attitudes which are cultivated throughout the novel.
The issue of sexism is represented in many ways, significantly in the mistreatment of Celie by Mr_____, and Sofia by the Mayor and his wife, also Harpo with emphasis of Shug by other women. Insults to Celie, “she’s ugly” further strengthen the tone of exploitation of women and lack of any inclusion or respect for female equality. Despite Celie’s struggle, at the end of the novel she escapes male dictatorship and is able to establish her own independence gaining freedom through determination and perseverance.
Racism weaves through this historical novel, Walker ever conscious of herself as a black women empowered to narrate the stories of specific black women, themselves creators of black female cultures, marginalised by race, class and colour to have their voices heard as described by Elliott Butler Evans. Walker writes “to find a voice with which to repress the minority can tell its story” as we can see in the character of Sofia, a black women who does not normally fight and is oppressed by white characters in the novel.
The reference to being enslaved made by the critic, Collins, illustrates the identification of Celie and Sofia being trapped by a male dominated system and values resulting in the inability to fight for freedom and voice.
To conclude ‘The Color Purple’ a popular, evocative novel, exposes Celie’s struggle highlighting issues of racism, sexism and feminism. Walker’s emotional account of the characters lives and their communities are a small significant view and fictional exposure of overriding racism which has dominated many lives, throughout America and beyond. Racism is ambiguously, intertwined in association with the main characters especially Celie, an individual seemingly enslaved to her oppressive life who eventually escapes into independence.

W. B. Yeats – ‘Leda and the Swan’

This poem is of Greek Mythology in which a swan rapes a girl named Leda. The poem is going through as a story of how it unfolds. This poem is the beginning of  a chain of events that will unfold, due to the birth of Leda’s baby, Helen of Troy. She causes upheavel and war – with herself as a sort of leading figure in a time she feels is unjust and should be changed.

       The poem is  almost a descriptive build up of what is to come, meaning the violent and mysterious language and tone is the outcome of Helen’s revolutionary actions. The poems language presents a violent description of the power of rape. It describes the rape and a unnexpcted attack and that the situation is described as though the readers are watching the events unfold and have an interpretation of what is to come.

     Along with Greek Mythology there is a theme of God almost playing with humans, that shows the significance of the swan, a pure and beautiful creature – turns into a violent attack on a undefensive women. The representation of a swan shows the mystery and myths of Greek mythology and how it causes certain events to occur.

W.B Yeats – ‘The Second Coming’

This is a poem about the ‘Second Coming’ being Jesus but that it is not welcome in society and the community. It is a poem that sums up the aftermath of the war and what had happened – how people were now feeling. My interpretation is that they feel nothing can help them, they are on their own and religious prospects are limited.

     The themes within this poem are disorder and chaos, in people mixed feelings, upheaval in which war and revolution had corrupted the society and an apocalyptic vision in which there is a known idea that the ‘Second Coming’ will not be a good and positive reaction and outcome to people’s disbelief.

     Biblical references are mentioned in this poem, how there is no salvation for the people because of the disruption that has been caused. “A shape with lion body and head of a man” this interpretation comes from the old testament and in my opinion is shows that no matter how many ‘shapes’ the second coming can turn into it does not fully demonstrate and help the situation at risk – that no help, however much is shown can actually help the people of the community.

‘An Irishman Forsees His Death’

This poem it about an Irishman realising that he is close to death, he along with W.B Yeats sees his expression of his feelings as a romantic movement and that he feels self-assured at his death, and Yeats makes sure there is an understanding of the Irishman’s views and feelings and that they have been interpreted in a way he feels satisfied with.

        The poem is paradoxical with some reference to a reflection of war itself, the aftermath and effects it has on certain people and the surroundings, there is almost questioning of why there is creation when there is destruction as a concluding occurence. It is one of Yeats’ most thoughtful and controversial poem in relation to war and the conflict it causes.

         The Irishman is the son of Lord and Lady Gregory, with a link to his poem ‘In memory of Major Robert Gregory’ there are references to the Irishman wanting an independent and free life, aswell as when he dies, he is philosophical on his life and death and references are made in to poem to people and experiences that are important to him such as his parents.

W. B. Yeats – ‘The Fisherman’

‘The Fisherman’ shows centrally the simplicity of a life that W. B. Yeats wishes he had, the lifestyle presented by the fisherman is of a plain and straight forward nature. Links can be made to the Old Irish ways in which Yeats wishes had been repeated but through events such as the rising and war, those ideas have changed and now affect his new outlook on life. He feels the need of a simple way of life and so presents us of the image of a common fisherman in plain clothes with a structured desired routine – “ At dawn to cast his flies” the images presented are idyllic an central to the new interpretations that Yeats feels should have an impact on his own lifestyle and decisions.

      The title of this poem ‘The Fisherman’ shows and emphasis innocence of Yeats and the surroundings around him. He feels as though Ireland is not only changing but he is also. His attitudes are different and reflect a different persona but he is constantly trying to escape his ‘old ways’ and inhabit new ideas to a more simple way of life. The rhyme scheme consists of ABCD which is repeated showing the simplicity of the subject matter and how is it straight forward.

      Finally the poem shows a contrast in Yeats’ old persona to the wanting features of a simple man with a simple lifestyle. His self-doubt and bleakness is targeted on as though everything blends in to society and the changes that have occurred over time.